[16] Cauliflower is literally ‘flowered cabbage’. English probably borrowed and adapted the word from Italian cavoli fiori, plural of cavolo fiore ‘cabbage flower’. Cavolo came from late Latin caulus, a variant of Latin caulis ‘cabbage’. This word originally meant ‘stem’, but the notion ultimately underlying it is ‘hollow stem’, for it can be traced back to an Indo-European base which also produced hole and hollow. It was borrowed early on into the Germanic languages, and via this route has produced in English the now rare cole ‘cabbage, rape’[14] (more familiar in the Dutch borrowing coleslaw); the Scots version kale [13], from Old Norse kál, best known south of the border in the form curly kale; and via German kohlrabi [19], the last element of which is related to English rape the plant. => COLE, COLESLAW, HOLE, HOLLOW, KALE, KOHLRABI

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

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  • Cauliflower — Cauliflower, cultivar unknown Details Species Brassica oleracea Cultivar group …   Wikipedia

  • Cauliflower — Cau li*flow er, n. [F. choufleur, modified by E. Cole. L. caulis, and by E. flower; F. chou cabbage is fr. L. caulis stalk, cabbage, and fleur flower is fr. L. flos flower. See {Cole}, and {Flower}.] 1. (Bot.) An annual variety of {Brassica… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cauliflower — 1590s, originally cole florye, from It. cavoli fiori flowered cabbage, pl. of cavolo cabbage + fiore flower (from L. FLORA (Cf. flora)). First element is from L. caulis cabbage (originally stem, stalk ) which was borrowed into Germanic and is the …   Etymology dictionary

  • cauliflower — ► NOUN ▪ a variety of cabbage with a large flower head of small creamy white flower buds, eaten as a vegetable. ORIGIN from obsolete French chou fleuri flowered cabbage …   English terms dictionary

  • cauliflower — [kô′lə flou΄ər; ] often, [kul′əflou΄ər] n. [earlier cole florye (altered after COLE) < It cavolfiore (< cavolo, cabbage + fiore, flower) > Fr chou fleur; mod. sp. after L caulis, cabbage] 1. a variety of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var.… …   English World dictionary

  • cauliflower — n. 1 a variety of cabbage with a large immature flower head of small usu. creamy white flower buds. 2 the flower head eaten as a vegetable. Phrases and idioms: cauliflower cheese a savoury dish of cauliflower in a cheese sauce. cauliflower ear an …   Useful english dictionary

  • cauliflower — /kaw leuh flow euhr, lee , kol euh , kol ee /, n. 1. a form of cultivated plant, Brassica oleracea botrytis, of the mustard family, whose inflorescence forms a compact, usually whitish head. Cf. broccoli. 2. this head, used as a vegetable. [1590… …   Universalium

  • cauliflower — UK [ˈkɒlɪˌflaʊə(r)] / US [ˈkɑlɪˌflaʊr] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms cauliflower : singular cauliflower plural cauliflowers a vegetable with a hard round white central part surrounded by green leaves …   English dictionary

  • cauliflower — noun /ˈkɒl.i.flaʊ.ə(ɹ),ˈkɒl.ɪ.flaʊ.ə(ɹ)/ a) An annual variety of Brassica oleracea, or cabbage, of which the cluster of young flower stalks and buds is eaten as a vegetable. b) The edible head or “curd” of a cauliflower plant …   Wiktionary

  • cauliflower — [[t]kɒ̱liflaʊə(r), AM kɔ͟ː [/t]] cauliflowers N VAR Cauliflower is a large round vegetable that has a hard white centre surrounded by green leaves …   English dictionary

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